The cheese spiel-by Lindsey Long

Discussion in 'Cheese & Dairy' started by 4fromgoatilia, May 7, 2008.

  1. The Science of Making Cheese
    Presenter: Lindsey Long
    What is cheese made from? How does cheese form? What is the process? It is not hard to make cheese and most everything any body would need is easily found at the grocery store or the kitchen. All you need is a gallon of milk, 3 lemons, a little salt, a thermometer, 5 quart pan, colander, cheese clothe, long handled plastic spoon, large bucket, and if you want to you can add what ever else you want to spice it up.
    Cheese is made by heating the milk to 185 degrees Fahrenheit then adding up to ½ of a cup of lemon juice or vinegar, or by using rennet tablets. Rennet contains rennin, which is a bacterial enzyme that multiplies when in a lactose environment. Both of the methods cause the curding action or coagulation. The difference is that lemon juice and vinegar contain high amounts of citric acid, which causes a fast coagulation. These cheeses are known as soft cheese. Cream cheese, ricotta, and cottage cheese are examples. When rennet is used it takes the bacterial enzyme longer to raise the lactic acid level high enough to coagulate the cheese. This takes a few hours to set up and when strained and dried becomes hard cheese. Drying different ages of cheese can take months so today we will make ½ batches of soft cheese due to time restraints.
    Ingredients
    ½ gallon whole cow or goat milk
    ¼ cup lemon juice
    Sea Salt
    Additives are optional.
    Prepare colander with cheesecloth lining. Set in large pan or bucket in sink. Heat milk as directed above stirring frequently. Add the lemon juice after thirty seconds at 185 degrees. Watch the milk as it starts to solidify. At this point the lemon juice has raised the lactic acid level high enough to make it curd. The liquid left behind is called whey. Some people drink the whey and use it in other cooking. Pour the contents of the pan into the colander then add salt. The salt kills the lemon taste so how much salt you use determines how it tastes. A great tasting soft cheese is Lemon Basil. Allow cheese to strain for a few hours or even overnight. The longer the cheese is strained the harder the cheese becomes. Making cheese is rewarding, you get to eat it when its’ done! Don’t forget to clean up your mess with soapy bleach water, rinse thoroughly, and wipe everything down real good J.

    More Great Ideas!
    Pepper/Bacon
    Crushed Red Pepper/ Tomato
    Mango/Peach
    Melon Mix
    Garlic/Chive
    Savory/Sundried Tomato
    Crab/ Garlic/Savory

    Show what you learned about making cheese by filling in the blanks and return to teacher. Thank you.

    1. Heat the milk to ______ degrees Fahrenheit.
    2. Milk provides a _______ environment for rennin to multiply.
    3. Lemon juice and vinegar contain high amounts of citric __________.
    4. Lactic acid _________________ when it reaches high levels.
    5. Rennin is a ______________ ___________.
    6. Lemon juice and vinegar makes _________ cheeses.
    7. Rennet makes __________ cheese.
    8. ____ decreases the taste of lemon juice.
    9. If let to strain for a long time the cheese becomes _______.
    10. Remember to ______ everything down when you are done.
     
  2. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    Sounds good might make that rennet (tablets or liquid)
     

  3. Oops, kinda late to change 150 copies :lol
     
  4. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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  5. Our example cheeses are:

    Sundried Tomato/ crushed red pepper/ parsley
    Lemon Basil
    Pepper/Bacon
    Garlic/ Chive
    Mango/Peach (I can't wait! :biggrin )
    Plain
     
  6. Today went exceptionally well. We wound up making 10 lbs of cheese. The fifth graders were very excited to learn about cheese making. They were astonished at how fast the lemon juice worked. They also came up with some tasty cheese blends. All tried the cheese. The three favorites were Red pepper/tomato/basil, Pepper/bacon, and Garlic/ Chive. Most of them want to make it for their Moms for Mothers day (hummm wonder who put that in their heads). Wanted to let you all know how it went and we were asked to come back next year! Oh yeah, she already sold $25.00 as fundraiser. Tammy
     
  7. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    CONGRATULATIONS!!!
     
  8. Sunny Daze

    Sunny Daze New Member

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    I have a brownie troop coming over to my house today to see all the animals and also learn about milking/cheese making. I was going to make this cheese as well. Mine are 8 yr olds...hoping I can get it done before their attention span runs out! Thinking I will make some fudge today so they can nibble while we doing the cheese! This should be interesting!
     
  9. Have fun! One way you could keep them entertained is by having them name animals they "could" make cheese out of. That was one of our time fillers. The most named animal was the walrus and as they all said "ew". Tammy
     
  10. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    Now who in their right mind would milk a walrus :) NOT ME and I usually can't even find my mind.
     
  11. :rofl I totally agree :rofl
     
  12. Sunny Daze

    Sunny Daze New Member

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    Well I survived! Everyone had a great time. Annie was super patient while they all tried their hand at milking and I was surprised they all were really intrigued with the cheese making. I think my poor turkey is traumatized now though!!
     
  13. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    :biggrin Glad it worked out for you
     
  14. :rofl Were they trying to milk the turkey? :rofl Sorry couldn't help myself! Tammy