Medication : Good meds to have on hand~Sue Reith

Discussion in 'Health & Wellness' started by Sondra, Oct 25, 2007.

  1. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    Poster here with permission granted by Sue Reith.

    Sue Reith writes: Good Meds to have on hand.

    The items mentioned below are for me personally the ones that I am most
    comfortable keeping on hand in order to meet any management crisis head-on.
    I have a favorite saying which is, "It's great to know what needs to be
    done, but that doesn't help much if I don't have the tools to work with!" I
    am virtually never caught at 11 PM on a Sunday night with nothing to handle
    an emergency situation. (BTW: I have been in such situations a number of
    times, trust me, and after losing a favorite animalon such occasions I have
    learned that it is best to be prepared.)

    As a preface to what I write below, I want to state that I recommend that
    ALL meds be refrigerated at all times excepting while being used.

    Another preface: No vaccinations (toxoids, bacterins) given before 2 months
    of age will infer proper permanent immunity on the kids they are given to.
    It takes the body 2 months to mature enough to start making its own
    antibodies, so before 2 months of age Antitoxins are the only things that
    will be effective in a crisis.

    The following items are kept on hand in my barn for emergency and other
    important general management use.

    This first group of meds listed is available through catalogs (some
    from feed stores and vets as well, but prices will be much higher from those
    sources). Many are listed by 'brand' names, but generics will be available
    often, with identical ingredients and at less cost.
    Tetanus Antitoxin: All newborns should receive 1/2cc within 24 hours of
    birth as an immediate but temporary protection against Tetanus. It
    continues to be effective for about 10 days. If castrations or disbuddings
    are done after that, but before Tetanus Toxoid has been given, I
    re-administer the Antitoxin.

    CD Antitoxin: Clostridium Perfringens C&D (Enterotoxemia) Antitoxin.
    Emergency measure, for immediate use at first sign of Enterotoxemia, and the
    difference between life and death in the victim. Most victims are under 2
    months of age. A great insurance policy, even if I never use it. Cheaper
    than emergency trip to the vet, who rarely keeps it on hand anyway!

    CD/T Bacterin-Toxoid: for permanent immunization of all goats against
    enterotoxemia and tetanus. 2 shots 3 wks apart starting at 2 months, and
    boosters at 6 months and a year, the yearly booster given annually within 1
    month of forthcoming parturition.

    Oral sulfa: excellent for treatment of Coccidiosis in young kids.

    Oral Neomycin Sulfate: great for handling bacterial enteritis.

    (Excepting for sulfa drugs and Neomycin Sulfate, I do not give ANY oral
    antibiotics to goats. They depend upon the good bacteria in the rumen for
    digestion of their food. Oral antibiotics other than Neomycin Sulfate and
    sulfa drugs will kill the good bacteria in the rumen and cause serious
    scouring.) BTW: Sulfas are not true antibiotics, but are used similarly.

    Oral wormer such as Safeguard: good general wormer for young goats.

    Chlorpheniramine maleate: simple oral antihistimine, 4mg tablets (cheapest
    is Kirkland Chlor tabs, available at Costco) for correction of simple
    aspiration pneumonia in neonates, any other aspiration or inhalation
    difficulties, simple allergic reactions.

    CMT: California Mastitis Test kit. Essential when I am milking does,
    as its regular use can determine presence of sub-clinical mastitis while it
    is still treatable before udder damage occurs.

    Propylene Glycol: Oral energy supply. Any time a pregnant or lactating goat
    does not eat for even a couple of meals there is a danger of ketosis (a
    killer) because the animal uses up its own body reserves during that period.
    Propylene Glycol keeps it from using its body reserves.

    Calcium/Magnesium supplement: Some form of this (CMPK, MFO) either oral or
    injectable, as emergency measure when pregnant or lactating doe suffers from
    either Pregnancy Toxemia or Parturient Pariesis, both dangerous results of
    low Calcium levels in the animal.

    Vitamin A/D injectable: Vitamin A makes Vitamin D available to make Calcium
    available! Important adjunct to Calcium therapy. I also administer 1/2cc
    to neonates in gray winter months.

    Probios: Oral paste for replacement of friendly bacteria in ruminants when
    digestive crisis occurs.

    Penicillin G injectable: Basic broad spectrum antibiotic that covers just
    about all common bacterial infections of goats. For therapeutic use,
    injected daily for 5 days minimum, first dose doubled. Useful topically as
    well for minor eye infections.

    Penicillin G Procaine/Benthazine injectable: Long-acting Penicillin for
    preventative use. Stays in bloodstream for a week. I use it along with
    dexamethasone to protect the immune system that has been compromised by the
    presence of the dexamethasone.

    Oxytetracycline LA 200 injectable: Long acting Tetracycline injectable,
    200mg/ml, very broad spectrum and excellent for dealing with a wide range of
    bacterial infections, including topical use for eye infections.

    Tylan 200 injectable: Tylosin 200mg/ml. Another excellent broad spectrum
    antibiotic. In the event of Mycoplasma infection, the best treatment for
    it. Also good for topical use for treating eye infections.

    Saline Solution: 250ml bottle should be kept on hand for dilution of other
    meds when necessary. Very inexpensive.

    Vitamin B Complex: Useful in restoring health to depleted animals.

    Iodine 7%. Strong iodine for immediate dipping of newborn kid's navel cord.

    Betadine Solution: Good for lavaging open wounds.

    Hydrogen Peroxide: Good for lavaging open wounds.

    VET perscription only
    The following are prescription meds that I personally consider essential to
    good management procedures (if a veterinary prescription can be obtained for
    them):

    Epinephrine: for anaphylactic shock. Basic backup to have on hand when
    administering ALL shots. ( This now has been changed to VET ONLY 3/2003 in some states) ck with Jeffers you may can order it.


    BoSe: Selenium/Vitamin E injectable: Essential for health balance in goats
    in deficient areas of the country. A myriad of problems result from
    deficiency.

    Thiamine injectable: Vitamin B1 injectable. The emergency correction for
    Bracken Fern poisoning, Polioencephalomalacia, both of which have similar
    characteristics and treatment, and both of which respond quickly to Thiamine
    therapy but are lethal without it.

    Oxytocin injectable: Great assist during labor, expulsion of afterbirth.

    Gentamycin injectable: Highly effective antibiotic which clears up pathogens
    untouched by Penicillin, LA200, Tylan. Very careful dosage by weight
    required.

    Lidocaine injectable: Numbing agent used by dentist while filling people's
    teeth. Excellent for deadening pain in scrotal area when bucklings are
    castrated.

    Banamine injectable: Non-steroidal pain killer, anti-inflammatory,
    temperature regulator all rolled into one. Outstanding supportive therapy
    for any sick animal. Has animal eating and feeling better while I wait
    for the antibiotic to kill the pathogens causing its illness. I use it
    following a difficult disbudding if I have any concern that the iron was
    left on the burn area too long. Banamine injection will prevent swelling of
    the kid's brain in that situation.

    Prostaglandin injectable: (Lutalyse) will bring a doe into season, abort
    her, or bring her into labor when necessary in the course of a management
    crisis.

    Panalog: An excellent topical ointment that deals with both bacterial and
    fungal pathogens. Anti-inflammatory as well. Wonderful for healing all
    sorts of wounds. I pack open wounds with it after cleaning for fast
    healing, and I use it for my family as well as my goats.
    Accessories and Suppliers
    Important accessories to have on hand for caprine management:

    Syringes: 1cc, 3cc, 6cc, 12cc, 20cc, 35cc, 60cc. I recommend many 3cc
    syringes, at least 6 of every other size.

    Needles: I use the 20gauge, 1/2 inch needles almost exclusively for just
    about all regular injections on dairy goats. I buy them by the box of 100
    from the catalogs. Other useful sizes are 16gauge x 1 inch, 18gauge x 1
    inch, (both very large needles), 22gauge x 1 inch and 25gauge x 3/4 inch.
    Those would all be useful to have on hand, about 6 each...

    Cotton balls: Essential to keep a bag on hand at all times. I save the
    cotton filler in vitamin bottles and store it in clean zip-lock bags for
    this purpose.

    Alcohol: Isopropyl, for sanitizing syringes and needles before use.

    Catheter: very thin, used for bladder catherization in hospital procedures.
    Excellent for tubing weak newborn kids.

    ------

    Important terms:

    IV: Intravenous injection (in the vein)

    IM: Intramuscular injection (in the muscle)

    SQ: Sub cutaneous injection (just beneath the skin)

    ID: Intradermal injection (between layers of skin)

    IP: Intraperitoneal injection (into the peritoneal cavity)
    ------

    Emergency situations which need advance preparation:

    Anaphylactic shock: Immediate allergic reaction to an injection. Requires
    immediate injection of Epinephrine, 1/2cc for kid to 3cc for mature
    dairy-goat sized buck. Without Epinephrine in this emergency the animal will
    die within 30 minutes. With Epinephrine it will be up and acting normal in
    10 minutes.

    Enterotoxemia: Clostridial organisms are multiplying in a static
    (non-moving) rumen, generally caused by bloat or heavy carbohydrate
    ingestion, most often in young kids under 2 months that are not yet
    vaccinated for Enterotoxemia. The only way to save a goat's life is to
    administer Clostridium Perfringens CD Antitoxin ASAP. Supportive therapy
    must also be provided for 5 days, in the form of Penicillin, Probios,
    Electrolytes, Pepto Bismol, Banamine.

    Weak or Premature kid: Tube with warm colostrum. I lie kid the down on its
    side with the neck straight. Measure from mouth to last rib of kid. The
    tube is orally inserted that far. I oil tube for easy entry, then
    carefully guide tube down the straightened throat of kid, allowing it to
    assist by swallowing as I do so. If kid begins to cough I take tube out
    quickly, as it is in lungs. If tube goes in without coughing and moves as
    far in as I originally measured it to go, I then fasten 60cc syringe full
    of warm colostrum to end of tube and plunge contents into kid. I elevate
    the head of the kid for this procedure, and then the kid is sat or stood up
    right away and the tube removed quickly.

    ------

    The following catalogs are available at no charge with a simple telephoned
    request:

    (Preface: We soon get used to none of the stores or catalogs having things
    specifically for goats. Very little research is expended on their behalf in
    order to approve meds for them, as they are a minor species. So generally
    we used things approved for sheep, and for cattle as well. (Actually, if it
    is approved for swine and I know it is the proper strength of the proper med
    for my purposes I do not hesitate to use it on my goats.)

    Catalogs:

    Caprine Supply is a great source for goat supplies. It is an excellent
    catalog to read as well, as it has lots of management tips between its
    covers. It is retail, however. The phone # is: 1-800-646-7736.

    All 4 of the catalogs below carry similar livestock products. It is helpful
    to shop in all of them all as products and prices vary from one to another.

    Omaha Vaccine's catalog has a wide range of livestock supplies. Ask for the
    Professional Producer catalog. Its phone # is: 1-800-367-4444.

    Jeffers Catalog is similar to that of Omaha in its coverage of livestock
    supplies. Its phone # is: 1-800-533-3377.

    PBS Livestock Health Catalog is a good source for supplies as well. Its
    phone # is 1-800-321-0235.

    Valley Vet Supply is an additional source of meds and supplies that is worth
    browsing thru while deciding who has the best buys! Its phone # is
    1-800-468-0059.

    Two other items I find useful to keep around
    Toxiban for use if your goat gets into a toxic substance or poison, Jeffers Supply
    Therabloat for use of frothy bloat also from Jeffers

    (While I urge you to share this information with other individual goat owners, please do not reproduce the article for publication without my specific permission. Thank you. Sue Reith.)

    Sue Reith
    Carmelita Toggs
    Bainbridge Island WA
    suereith@msn.com