Goat Glossary of Terms From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Abomasum -The fourth and second largest chamber of a ruminant's stomach.This is where actual digestion takes place. Abortion- Abnormal or early termination of pregnancy Abortifacients - A drug or other agent used to cause abortion. Acidosis -Condition where rumen pH falls, usually because the goat ate too much grain. Accredited Herd - One that has been annually tested for Tuberculosis and found free from this disease. ADF -Acid Detergent Fiber an indicator of relative digestibility of forages. ADGA - American Dairy Goat Association Aflatoxin - A fungal toxin which is a powerful liver carcinogen. Afterbirth - The fetal membranes that attach the fetus to the membranes of the pregnant female and which are normally expelled from the female within 3 to 6 h. after parturition. AGS- American Goat Society AI - Artificial Insemination Anemia - Deficiency of RBC (red blood cells) and/or a quantity of pigment known as hemoglobin. The eyelids and gums can be very light, grey or white. Often a sign of parasitism and a need for deworming. Ante-mortem - Before death. Anthelmintic - Commonly referred to as a dewormer. A compound that kills or expels internal parasites - such as worms. Antibiotic - A chemical substance produced by a microorganism which has the capacity, in dilute solutions, to inhibit the growth of or to kill other microorganisms. AR - Advanced Registry Banding - This involves the use of elastic castration bands to remove the testacles by eventually cutting off blood supply. Barrel - The entire body cavity, also the girth of the body at it's largest, near the last rib. Birth Chill- A low body temperature, as that due to exposure in cold weather. When a baby kid is born and for whatever reason is not warm, lack of suckling, lack of being dried off quickly. Synonym is hypothermia. Bleat - A goat's vocal expression, talking. Blind Teat -A teat that is non-functional due to birth defect, injury or disease. Bloat - Gastritis: too much accumulation of gas in the stomach can be fatal! Body Condition Score - Scoring the body condition (1-5 : thin to fat) used to estimate condition of an animal. Bolus - Large oval pill. Form of medication. BOSS - Black Oil Sunflower Seeds, used as a high energy addition to sweet feed rations. Bots - Fly larvae that crawl into nasal passages. Breeding Apron - Device used to keep a buck from breeding. Breeding Season - The period of time when the doe is in active estrus, typically Late July to late Feb. Brood Doe - A doe kept for the purpose of continuing a desirable bloodline and genetics in her offspring. Browse - Broad-leafed woody plants, shrubs or brush. Brucellosis - Infection with bacteria of the Brucella group, frequently causing abortions in animals and remittent fever in man. Buck - A male goat, colloquially referred to as a 'Billy'. Typically the term buck refers to a breeding age male. Buck Rag - Cloth or sock rubbed on the scent glands of the buck; to be put in with a doe to induce or detect heat cycle. Buckling - Young intact male goat, typically of a year or less age. Burdizzo - The tool used to castrate bucks by severing the cord without breaking the skin of the scrotum. Butterfat - Cream content in milk. Butting - Sometimes playful, usually in aggression between goats by the use of the top of the head. Cabrito - Literally "little goat". The Spanish use this term referring to goat meat. CAEV or CAE - Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus. One of the most dreaded diseases in goats. It is also known as "big knee". There is no cure and this is contagious to other goats. Calcium to Phosphorus Ratio - Relative amounts of calcium and phosphorus in the total ration. Usually recommended to be at least 2.5:1. Capriculture - New Term refers to Goat Husbandry Caprine - Pertaining to goats. Caproic Acid - A fatty acid that is responsible for making goat milk taste 'goaty' with age. cc - Cubic Centimeter, used interchangably with ml, used to measure medications for injection. Certified Herd- One that has been annual tested for Brucellosis and found free of this disease. CGS - Canadian Goat Society Chevon - Goat meat as referred to by the French. Chevre - Classic French soft cheese made with goat milk. Chlamydia - Organisms associated with diseases such as pneumonia, abortion, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, arthritis and encephalitis. CL - Caseous Lymphadenitis, an abscess disease of goats that is highly contagious. Clostridial Organisms - Anaerobic bacteria that produce spores under certain conditions. C.M.T. - California Mastitis Test, Home method of testing for mastitis. C.O.B. - Corn, Oats & Barley mixed with molasses, fed as a grain or sweet feed for goats and other livestock. Coccidiosis or Cocci - An internal parasite residing in the intestines, that destroys the lining of the small intestine (typically of kids) causing severe diarrhea and eventually death if not treated. Colostrum - First milk-this is a thick yellowish milk that provides all the antibodies a baby kid needs..high in protein and vitamins..it is only made by the doe from the time of birth to about a week after (it decreases concentration as days go by). Note: Baby kids can only assimilate the antibodies for 24 hours after birth. Corpus Luteum - Yellow body; solid yellowish mass of tissue that develops in a doe's ovary after an egg has been released. Corticosteroids - Any of a class of steroids, as dexamethasone, prednisone, or cortisone, occurring in nature as a product of the adrenal cortex, or synthesized. Creep or CreepFeeder - A feeding area which allows kids, but not adults to enter and safely eat. Critical Temperature - Maximum or minimum environmental temperature tolerated by the animal before additional dietary energy is required to maintain normal body temperature. Crossbreed - The offspring resulting from mating a buck and doe of different breeds. Crossbreeding - Purposeful mating of two or more breeds. Cryptorchidism - Failure of one or both testicles to descend into the scrotum. Cud - Soft mass of food regurgitated and rechewed by a ruminant. Culling - The process of removing animals that are below average in production, unsound or undesirable, usually through sales or euthanasia. Curd - Coagulated milk solids. Cut (to) - To castrate. Cysticercosis - Infection with cysticerci, a larval form of tapeworm, taenia solium. In man they penetrate the intestinal wall and invade subcutaneous tissue, brain, eye, muscle, heart, liver, lung, and peritoneum. Brain involvement may result in epilepsy, increased intracranial pressure, etc.. Dam - Female parent. Dehorning - Removal of already formed horns, NOT recommended except in case of emergency. Dehydrate - The loss of body fluids, caused either by not having drinking water available or illness. Dental pad - Gums on upper jaw, replaces front upper teeth. Goats do not have upper front teeth. DHIA - Dairy Herd Improvement Association administered by the USDA. DHIR - Dairy Herd Improvement Registry; production testing program administered by goat registries in cooperation with the DHIA. Disbud - Removal of horn buds (usually by cauterizing with a disbudding iron) from young goats to keep horns from growing. Dished - Slightly concave face type, characteristic of Pygmy goats and some Swiss breeds. Doe - Female goat: also referred to as 'nanny'..but NEVER in the registered circles! Doeling - Female goat a year or less in age. Drench - A liquid medication or the administering of a liquid medication. Drenching - The oral administration of liquid medication. Dry Doe - Mature doe that is not lactating. Drylot - Method of rearing goats in pens, where they do not have access to pasture or range, where daily feed and water is provided by the caretaker. Dry Matter - (DM) The portion of feed that is not water, listed in feeds. Dry off - To stop milking at the end of a doe's lactation; ususally 2 months before she is due to kid. Elastrator - The instrument used to apply heavy walled small rubber bands (elastrator rings/bands) to tail of lambs and/or scrotums of lambs and goats for tail docking on lambs and castration for lambs and goats. Electrolytes - Electrolyte refers to ionized salts in the body fluids. The major electrolytes are made from sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, chloride, bicarbonate, phosphate and protein. Elf ear - LaMancha ear up to 2 inches in length. Embryo Transfer - Recently fertilized eggs from donor doe are transferred to the uterus of a recipient doe, usually by surgically exposing the uterus of the recipient. Emaciation - To waste away physically (starvation). Encephalitis - Inflammation of the brain usually with severe signs such as fever, incoordination, and convulsions. Caused by parasites or disease. Enteritis - Inflammation of the intestine, applied chiefly to inflammation of the small intestine. Enterotoxemia - Toxic indigestion that may follow acidosis..also a bacterial infection from an organism found in the soil-typically in spring. Can Be FATAL! Enterotoxemia - A complete description: Disease caused by the liberation of exotoxins of clostridium perfringens in the intestines of sheep, goats, cattle, foals, and piglets. Type b enterotoxaemia in lambs is lamb dysentery; Type c enterotoxaemia in mature sheep produces "struck", and in calves, lambs and piglets it produces haemorrhagic enterotoxaemia; Type d enterotoxaemia in sheep and goats is pulpy-kidney disease or overeating disease.