General Health : Conversion Chart and Measurments

Discussion in 'Health & Wellness' started by Sondra, Oct 26, 2007.

  1. Sondra

    Sondra New Member

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    MEASURES & CONVERSIONS:


    1 mL (milliliter) is equivalent to 1 cc (cubic centimeter)

    Kg (kilogram) - Doses for most medications and supplements are written in kilograms (kg).
    1 kg equals 2.2 pounds.

    Weight and Apothecaries' Equivalents
    1 mg (milligram) = 1/65 grain (1/60)
    1mg = 1000 ug or mcg (ug & mcg= micrograms)
    1,000 mg = 1 gram (g)
    1 gram (g)= 15.43 grains (15). 1 gram weighs about the same as one regular paper clip
    1,000 g = 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds
    1 grain (gr) = 0.065 gram (60 mg)
    1 ounce = 1/16 pound, 28.4 grams
    1 pound = 0.454 kg., or 454 grams
    1 kg equals 2.2 pounds, 1,000 grams (To convert pounds to kilograms: pounds x 0.4536 = kilograms)
    Approximate Household Measures for oral administration:
    20 drops = 1 ml (cc)
    1 teaspoon = 5 ml (cc)
    1 Tablespoon = 15 ml (3 teaspoons), 1/2oz
    1 cup = 16 tablespoons = 240 ml
    1 liter (l) = 1,000 ml (cc), 1.06 quarts

    Fluid Equivalents
    1 fluid ounce = 29.57 mL (30), 2 Tablespoons
    1 pint = 16 fluid ounces, 473.2 ml (500)
    1 quart (qt) = 946.4 ml (1000)
    1 gallon (gal) = 3785.6ml(4000)

    Equivalent Measures of Length
    1 meter (m) = 39.37 inches (in)
    1 centimeter (cm) = 0.39 in
    1 millimeter (mm) = 0.039 in
    1 inch (in) = 2.54 cm
    1 foot (ft) = 30.48 cm
    1 yard (yd) = 91.44 centimeters (cm)

    Other conversions :
    Weight - Unit Conversion Factors
    UNITS GIVEN UNITS WANTED FOR CONVERSION MULTIPLY BY
    lb g 453.6
    lb kg 0.4536
    oz g 28.35
    kg lb 2.2046
    kg mg 1,000,000
    kg g 1,000
    g mg 1,000
    g µg 1,000,000
    mg µg 1,000
    mg/g mg/lb 453.6
    mg/kg mg/lb 0.4536
    µg/kg µg/lb 0.4536
    Mcal kcal 1,000
    kcal/kg kcal/lb 0.4536
    kcal/lb kcal/kg 2.2046
    ppm µg/g 1
    ppm mg/kg 1
    ppm mg/lb 0.4536
    mg/kg % 0.0001
    ppm % 0.0001
    mg/g % 0.1
    g/kg % 0.1

    Conversion Formulas
    Gallons into Pounds: Multiply the specific gravity of the liquid by 8.33 (weight in pounds of 1 gallon of water); then multiply this result by the number of gallons, to obtain the weight in pounds.
    Pounds into Gallons: Multiply the specific gravity of the liquid by 8.33 (weight in pounds of 1 gallon of water); then divide the number of pounds by the result, to obtain the volume in gallons.

    Milliliters into Grams: Multiply the specific gravity of the substance by the number of milliliters, to obtain the weight in grams.

    Grams into Milliliters:Divide the number of grams by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

    Milliliters into Pounds: Multiply the number of milliliters by the specific gravity of the substance; then divide the product by 453.59 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois pound), to obtain the weight in pounds.

    Pounds into Milliliters: Multiply the number of pounds by 453.59 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois pound); then divide the product by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

    Milliliters into Ounces: Multiply the number of milliliters by the specific gravity of the substance; then divide the product by 28.35 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois ounce), to obtain the volume in ounces.

    Ounces into Milliliters: Multiply the number of ounces by 28.35 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois ounce); then divide the product by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

    Grains, Drams, and Ounces into Grams (or mL): 1) Divide the number of grains by 15; or 2) multiply the number of drams by 4; or 3) multiply the number of ounces by 28.35. The result in each case equals the approximated number of grams (or mL).

    Kilograms into Pounds: Multiply the number of kilograms by 2.2046, or multiply the number of kilograms by 2 and add 10% to the product.

    Pounds into Kilograms: Divide the number of pounds by 2.2046, or multiply by 0.4536

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    ADMINISTRATION OF DRUGS
    amp. = ampule
    a.d. = right ear
    a.s. = left ear
    a.u. = both ears
    c. = with
    cap. = capsule
    disp. = dispense
    gtt(s). = drop(s)
    IM = intramuscular injection
    IN = intranasal
    IP = intraperitoneal (within abdominal cavity)
    IV = intravenous injection
    o.d. = right eye
    o.s. = left eye
    o.u. = both eyes
    PO = per os, meaning given by mouth or orally
    q.s. = a sufficient quantity
    SubQ, SQ or SC = subcutaneous injection
    susp. = suspension
    tab = tablet
    FREQUENCY OF DOSING
    a.c. = before meals
    p.c. = after meals
    h. = hour
    h.s. = at bedtime
    q = every (as in q 8 hours)
    s.i.d. = every day (q day or q 24 hours)
    b.i.d. = twice a day (q 12 hours)
    t.i.d. = three times a day (q 8 hours)
    q.i.d. = four times a day (q 6 hours)
    qld. = every day
    qod = every other day
    qlw = every week
    PRN = as needed
    Sig.: = directions to patient
    stat = immediately
    Ut dict. = as directed