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MEASURES & CONVERSIONS:

1 mL (milliliter) is equivalent to 1 cc (cubic centimeter)

Kg (kilogram) - Doses for most medications and supplements are written in kilograms (kg).
1 kg equals 2.2 pounds.

Weight and Apothecaries' Equivalents
1 mg (milligram) = 1/65 grain (1/60)
1mg = 1000 ug or mcg (ug & mcg= micrograms)
1,000 mg = 1 gram (g)
1 gram (g)= 15.43 grains (15). 1 gram weighs about the same as one regular paper clip
1,000 g = 1 kilogram or 2.2 pounds
1 grain (gr) = 0.065 gram (60 mg)
1 ounce = 1/16 pound, 28.4 grams
1 pound = 0.454 kg., or 454 grams
1 kg equals 2.2 pounds, 1,000 grams (To convert pounds to kilograms: pounds x 0.4536 = kilograms)
Approximate Household Measures for oral administration:
20 drops = 1 ml (cc)
1 teaspoon = 5 ml (cc)
1 Tablespoon = 15 ml (3 teaspoons), 1/2oz
1 cup = 16 tablespoons = 240 ml
1 liter (l) = 1,000 ml (cc), 1.06 quarts

Fluid Equivalents
1 fluid ounce = 29.57 mL (30), 2 Tablespoons
1 pint = 16 fluid ounces, 473.2 ml (500)
1 quart (qt) = 946.4 ml (1000)
1 gallon (gal) = 3785.6ml(4000)

Equivalent Measures of Length
1 meter (m) = 39.37 inches (in)
1 centimeter (cm) = 0.39 in
1 millimeter (mm) = 0.039 in
1 inch (in) = 2.54 cm
1 foot (ft) = 30.48 cm
1 yard (yd) = 91.44 centimeters (cm)

Other conversions :
Weight - Unit Conversion Factors
UNITS GIVEN UNITS WANTED FOR CONVERSION MULTIPLY BY
lb g 453.6
lb kg 0.4536
oz g 28.35
kg lb 2.2046
kg mg 1,000,000
kg g 1,000
g mg 1,000
g µg 1,000,000
mg µg 1,000
mg/g mg/lb 453.6
mg/kg mg/lb 0.4536
µg/kg µg/lb 0.4536
Mcal kcal 1,000
kcal/kg kcal/lb 0.4536
kcal/lb kcal/kg 2.2046
ppm µg/g 1
ppm mg/kg 1
ppm mg/lb 0.4536
mg/kg % 0.0001
ppm % 0.0001
mg/g % 0.1
g/kg % 0.1

Conversion Formulas
Gallons into Pounds: Multiply the specific gravity of the liquid by 8.33 (weight in pounds of 1 gallon of water); then multiply this result by the number of gallons, to obtain the weight in pounds.
Pounds into Gallons: Multiply the specific gravity of the liquid by 8.33 (weight in pounds of 1 gallon of water); then divide the number of pounds by the result, to obtain the volume in gallons.

Milliliters into Grams: Multiply the specific gravity of the substance by the number of milliliters, to obtain the weight in grams.

Grams into Milliliters:Divide the number of grams by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

Milliliters into Pounds: Multiply the number of milliliters by the specific gravity of the substance; then divide the product by 453.59 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois pound), to obtain the weight in pounds.

Pounds into Milliliters: Multiply the number of pounds by 453.59 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois pound); then divide the product by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

Milliliters into Ounces: Multiply the number of milliliters by the specific gravity of the substance; then divide the product by 28.35 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois ounce), to obtain the volume in ounces.

Ounces into Milliliters: Multiply the number of ounces by 28.35 (equivalent in grams of 1 avoirdupois ounce); then divide the product by the specific gravity of the substance, to obtain the volume in milliliters.

Grains, Drams, and Ounces into Grams (or mL): 1) Divide the number of grains by 15; or 2) multiply the number of drams by 4; or 3) multiply the number of ounces by 28.35. The result in each case equals the approximated number of grams (or mL).

Kilograms into Pounds: Multiply the number of kilograms by 2.2046, or multiply the number of kilograms by 2 and add 10% to the product.

Pounds into Kilograms: Divide the number of pounds by 2.2046, or multiply by 0.4536

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ADMINISTRATION OF DRUGS
amp. = ampule
a.d. = right ear
a.s. = left ear
a.u. = both ears
c. = with
cap. = capsule
disp. = dispense
gtt(s). = drop(s)
IM = intramuscular injection
IN = intranasal
IP = intraperitoneal (within abdominal cavity)
IV = intravenous injection
o.d. = right eye
o.s. = left eye
o.u. = both eyes
PO = per os, meaning given by mouth or orally
q.s. = a sufficient quantity
SubQ, SQ or SC = subcutaneous injection
susp. = suspension
tab = tablet
FREQUENCY OF DOSING
a.c. = before meals
p.c. = after meals
h. = hour
h.s. = at bedtime
q = every (as in q 8 hours)
s.i.d. = every day (q day or q 24 hours)
b.i.d. = twice a day (q 12 hours)
t.i.d. = three times a day (q 8 hours)
q.i.d. = four times a day (q 6 hours)
qld. = every day
qod = every other day
qlw = every week
PRN = as needed
Sig.: = directions to patient
stat = immediately
Ut dict. = as directed
 
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