Papers - Certificates of registration.
Palatability - This refers to how tasty feds are to the goat.
Parasite - An organism that lives off of a host animal (the goat), they can be internal or external.
Parlor - Place where the doe is milked.
Parrot mouth - The lower jaw is shorter than the upper jaw.
Parturient Paresis - A disease of pregnant and lactating cows and ewes leading to generalised paresis and death. The disease, which is characterised by hypocalcaemia, occurs at or shortly after parturition in cows and within weeks before or after parturition in ewes & goats.
Parturition - Giving birth, also known as kidding.
Placenta - Afterbirth.
Pinkeye - Acute contagious conjunctivitis. A highly contagious disease that affects the eyes of goats (also contagious to humans).
Polled - Naturally hornless goat. Polled goats have two "swirls" near the area where horns would be on a horned goat.
Post Mortem - After death.
Postpartum - After birth.
Precocious Milker - Does that come into milk without being bred.
Pregnancy Toxemia - A metabolic disease of pregnant does generally caused by diet deficient in energy during late pregnancy.
Prepartum - Before birth.
Probiotic - Living organisms in the rumen that aids in the fermentation of the feed.
Progeny - Offspring.
Protein Supplement - Feedstuffs that contain a high level of protein, used in cases where a goat needs a higher protein percentage in the diet.
Ration - The amount of feed fed to the goats over a 24 hour period, or a specific amount given on a regular basis.
Recordation - Documentation of a crossbreed or a grade dairy goat on record with the registry.
Registration - Documentation of a purebred or American goat on regsitry with a registry.
Rehydrate - The addition of body fluids which have been lost from fever, illness, heat, etc.
Rennet - Extracted from the fourth stomach typically of sheep, the enzyme component rennin is used to coagulate milk. Used when making cheese.
Reticulum - The second stomach of ruminants, in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells; also called the honeycomb stomach.
Reticular Groove - Small sphinctor muscle between the rumen and abomasum that closes to divert the milk a baby kid will drink, directing it to the abomasum bypassing the rumen. Baby kids are born and remain monogastric for about the first 4 weeks of life.
Ringworm - Contagious fungal disease.
Rigor Mortis - Muscular rigidity which develops in the cadaver usually from 4 to 10 hours after death and lasts 3 or 4 days.
Roman Nose - Convex facial profile, characterisitc of the Nubian goat.
Roughage - Coarse, bulky feed high in fiber such as grass hay.
Rumen - First and largest chamber of a ruminant's stomach; found on the left side of the goat.
Ruminant - An animal with a three or four-chambered stomach that chews cud.
Ruminate or rumination - The act of chewing cud. Undigested plugs of food "cud" comes back into the mouth from the rumen to be rechewed before digestion can be completed.
Scours - Diarrhea. Severe diarrhea can be FATAL to kids (especially).
Scrotum - Hanging pouch of muscle that contains the buck's testicles.
Scrub - Goat of unknown ancestry.
Scur - Odd-shaped horn resulting from improper disbudding or disbudding too late.
Settle - Get pregnant; the doe will stop taunting the bucks for breeding.
Shipping Fever - Pneumonia accompanied by diarrhea, usually resulting from travel stress. Can be brought on by any stress a goat may be subject to.
Silage- Green forage fermented into highly nutritious feeds for livestock. Most goat owners do not feed silage to goats.
Silent heat - In heat but showing no outward signs.
Sire - Male parent.
SNF - Solids-Non-Fat. These are the proteins, minerals and other ingredients in milk when water and fat are removed.
Soremouth - A specific disease of sheep and goats, caused by the orf virus. This virus is transmissible to man and characterised by vesiculation and ulceration of the infected site. Transferred to the dam's udder by the kid's mouth during nursing. Also called Orf. Once a goat has had this, they are immune to it for life.
Stanchion - A restraining table that holds the goat still by the neck while being milked.
Standing heat - Doe's receptivity to being bred.
Stripping - When finished milking this is done to remove the last milk in the teats.
SubQ - Subcutaneous, injection given at a 45 degree angle into the flesh, not into the muscle. (Also written as SQ or sq.)
Synchronization - A management practice used to cause the goats to cycle at the same time. Typically a medication known as prostiglandan (Lutylase) is given as an injection to create this synchronization.
Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) - The energy value of feeds that is actually digestible.
Trace Minerals (TM) - Minerals that are available in very small amounts.
Tubing a goat - Use of a flexible catheter to place nutrition directly into the stomach of a debilitated goat, done with both kids and adults.
Unrecorded Grade - A doe whose ancestry is either unknown or just not recorded.
Urinary Calculi (UC) - Metabolic disease of male goats or lambs caused by the formation of urinary stones that are unable to pass through the urethra.Thought to be caused primarily by an imbalance of dietary calcium and phosphorus. Wethers are more prone than intact bucks.
Uterus - Womb. Where the fetus grows inside the doe.
Vaccine - A suspension of attenuated or killed microorganisms (bacteria, viruses or rickettsiae), administered for the prevention, amelioration or treatment of infectious diseases.
Vaginal Prolapse - Protrusion of the vagina that can happen in some does in late pregnancy. Many times caused by overweight does.
Vitamins - Small organic compounds, necessary for proper metabolism, that are found in feed in minute amounts. Deficiencies result in distinct diseases or syndromes.
Wattles - Appendages of flesh usually hang from the throat neck area. Serve no purpose except cosmetic. They are sometimes "misplaced" on other parts of the body.
Wether - Castrated male goat.
White Muscle Disease - A disease caused by a deficiency of selenium, Vitamin E or both that causes degeneration of muscular system of goats. Muscular distrophy for goats.
Withdrawal Period -T he time when a drug must not be administered prior to marketing to insure that no drug residues remain in the meat or milk.
Yearling - A baby goat between 6 and 12 months of age.
Zoonosis - Diseases of animals that can be transmitted to humans.
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