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SALTCREEK_Nubians_Linda 06-21-2009 10:10 PM

List of toxic plants
A list of "poisonous plants" from Pasture and Range Plants centenial edition; Fort Hays State University

Wood Aster Xylorrhiza parryil a white daisy found along lakes and ponds. Dangerous season: May through July. Moisture increases the toxic action. Symptoms :Weakening of leg and neck muscles. animal may fall, rapid pulse then weakened pulse, rising temperature, labored breathing, bloat, bloody frothing mouth and nose, unconsciousness with death in 4 hours to 4 days.

Broom Snakeweed Gutierresia sarothrae Small yellow flowers on a broom-like, brushy plant. a common plant in overgrazed pastures in the western U.S. Dangerous season: early growth stages are most often eaten. On bare ranges the entire plant may be eaten. Symptoms: loss of appetite, listlessness, arched back, drooping head, in severe cases pronounced hematuria 24 to 48 hours after initial symptoms.

Wooton Loco Astragalus wootonii Pea-shaped flowers, purple-ish, pink or white. on plains, in valleys of western TX. northern Mexico. Common along trails and earthen tanks. Referred to as Milk Vetch or Loco. Dangerous season: Spring to early Summer. Symptoms: incoodination, staggers, loss of flesh. most dangerous to horses.

Common Horsetail Equisetum arvense Perrenial with jointed, straight, hollow, leafless, rigid, harsh, round stems. Dangerous season: Year-round. Symptoms: Trembles, rapid pulse, weakness, excitability, diarrhea, stagger, extremities get cold.

Texas Croton Croton texensis flowers are inconspicuous in large white bracts. On dry plains and prairies from Texas to Wyoming and east to Alabama. Dangerous Season: not readily eaten. Most dangerous in the Fall. Symptoms: Contain an oil which is a strong cathartic. Testing has shown that 10 drops of croton oil will kill a dog. The oil also causes blistering and irritation if applied externally. Contains an irritating milky juice and is not usually readily taken. Common on overgrazed pastures.

St John'swort Hypericum perforatum
Pretty yellow flower 1 to 4 feet tall, woody base, extensive root system. Found on roadsides and dry pastures throughout the U.S. Dangerous Season: Late Summer when in flower. Symptoms: light skinned animals develop photosensitivity. develop skin sores, rash, Blistering is especially noticeable around the nose, eyes and ears.

Hemp Dogbane Apocynum cannabinum Greenish white flowers in clusters forming long slender seed pods in pairs. Creeping rootstocks, tough bark. milky juice. Dangerous Season: Early Spring and Summer. Young tender shoots most dangerous. Symptoms: heart stimulant, increased temperature and heart rate. dialated pupils. Discoloration and soreness in mouth, refusal to eat, sweating, cold extremities, sometimes frequent bowel action. Death is likely to follow. Remedy is to empty stomach at once and give gallic or tannic acid. With caution give atropine maybe every hour.

Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis Milky juice, beautiful cardinal red flowers. Native to U.S. on low wet land, along shores, streams and swampy areas. Dangerous Season: June to Oct. Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, dialated pupils, stupor, exhaustion, coma, convulsions. Poisoning is usually scarce. Lobelias are collected by drug companies for their medicinal qualities as an emetic and sedative. there are 250 different members of the lobelia group, many of which are used as ornamentals in the flower garden.

Poison Hemlock Conium maculatum Biennial with smooth, purple spotted, hollow stems. 3 to 6 feet tall. Parsley-like leaves and small white flowers in flat-topped clusters in late Summer. Dangerous Season: Dangrous all year. Critical in early spring. Symptoms: loss of appetite, bloating, bodily pain, muscular weakness, fast, feble pulse, then death. Has caused human poisoning when misaken for parsnips.

Texas Buckeye Aesculus arguta Woody perennial tree or shrub. 3 to 15 feet tall. Fruit a leathery capsule with a scar, flowers March to April, yellowish with red centers. Found in woodlands along streams and on good tree growing sites in MO, KS, OK, TX and AR. Dangerous Season: Young sprouts and seeds are especially poisonous. Cattle usually affected in spring, Hogs in the fall. Animals nwe to the area may be poisoned. Flowers poisonous to honeybees. Children have been poisoned by eating seeds. Symptoms: Staggering gait, weakness, severe trembling, vomiting and coma.

Also common Ergot. A fungus which grows on seed heads of grasses and cereal grains.

Comon Chokecherry. A native perennial wody shrub.

Gambrel Oak. A native perennial woody shrub. Mainly a danger to cattle. less so for goats. deer eat is as mast.

Arrowgrass. NOT a grass but a perennial, warm season grass-like plant. grown in wet, saline marshes, near streams, springs and seeps. From along the atlantic states and Alaska to California. believed poisonous in all stages, and in hay.

Sorry if you guys already know these. I just wanted to try to help. I worked hard on this list. :lol

Bernice 06-22-2009 03:11 AM

Re: List of toxic plants
Thank you so much Linda for posting this. :) You're a sweetie! :) :)

I have one more off the top of my head from the list my friend gave me the other night when I called her after Bug died: Jack in the Pulpit. Oh and olender too. The one thing she said was that most poisnious plants stink. When I was visiting her a few weeks ago she taught me about oleander. The tree looks so much like, almost identical to Black Walnut, even the bark.

I'd like to add: walk your pastures armed with pictures or descriptions of those poisnious plants! Don't take it for granted like I did that because one may not have had a case of a plant poisoning (I had rhododendron yrs ago) that doesn't mean that all may be safe.

buckrun 06-22-2009 03:15 AM

Re: List of toxic plants
This site has a huge list


SALTCREEK_Nubians_Linda 06-22-2009 03:43 AM

Re: List of toxic plants
Hey, thanks for posting that. It saves me a lot more work, because I was about to set of on a research project for y'all and post my findings. dance:

whimmididdle 06-22-2009 11:18 AM

Re: List of toxic plants
There is a section in 101 here.... http://dairygoatinfo.com/index.php/topic,9579.0.html


SALTCREEK_Nubians_Linda 06-22-2009 04:44 PM

Re: List of toxic plants
Pshaw! And here I thought I was going to get to actually give back and be some help. :blush2

I shoulda known you guys had it covered already.

adillenal 06-22-2009 05:00 PM

Re: List of toxic plants
Thanks for the reminder though. We are just finishing fencing our property so we can turn the goats out. I never even thought about dangerous plants. Now I have to study up before they can leave their lot.

SALTCREEK_Nubians_Linda 06-22-2009 06:17 PM

Re: List of toxic plants
Well, if I raised some awareness. :D I should have known a great goat forum like DGI would be all over this though. As I have remarked before, "I often just open my mouth to change feet." Perhaps I should be quiet and pay attention a little more. :rofl

You see, I was a very shy and withdrawn child. Then I grew up and got into college by the skin of my teeth, where I flourished and found out that I am not so stupid as I had been told all my life. So I expound on my "newfound" wisdon a bit too heavily sometimes, forgetting that everybody else already knows what I "just learned." I am just a little too eager to share and I ought to shut up and LEARN SOME MORE!

However, you have to learn to laugh at yourself, and I try to do that. Otherwise life would just be no fun at all for crazy people like me. :rofl :rofl :rofl :rofl

whimmididdle 06-22-2009 07:16 PM

Re: List of toxic plants
It never hurts a thing to bring up subjects like this on the main board......always new folks tuning in that need to be made aware of,,,,,and older folks like me who tend to forget. Just because it may be in 101, doesn't mean that it can't be dissected on the main board from time to time.
Actually, I would like to see more questions ask about info in 101.........something like I read this in so & so in 101......what does so & so mean?....or can you explain ?


SALTCREEK_Nubians_Linda 06-22-2009 08:27 PM

Re: List of toxic plants
in the flower garden I know that rhododendron and azaleas will kill a goat. Foxglove is harmful for all animals. It is the plant from which digitalis is derived (a heart stimulant) gladiolas corms are poisonous, but they must eat the root, not the leaves. The same for daffodil bulbs. I love gladiolas. I don't know about Cannas. The goats have never bothered with the cannas here, not when I have so many delicious rose bushes and fruit trees to eat. :lol

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